Critical reviews of books, exhibitions, and projects in all areas and periods of art history and visual studies

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Nestor Garcia Canclini
Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2001. 200 pp. Paper $19.95 (0816629870)
Néstor García Canclini's book Consumers and Citizens: Globalization and Multicultural Conflicts, originally published in Spanish by Grijalbo in 1995, is an important contribution to the contemporary debate on citizenship from the vantage point of Latin America. This English-language version, translated by George Yúdice, presents timely arguments for reevaluating the increasing influence of consumption in the definition of cultural policies. García Canclini argues that multiculturalism,... Full Review
September 12, 2002
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Ivan Gaskell
Reaktion Books, 2001. 280 pp.; 1 color ills.; 79 b/w ills. Paper $27.00 (1861890729)
If an Orlando-like epic romp through the scholarly and institutional afterlife of the painting reproduced on the cover of Ivan Gaskell's Vermeer's Wager: Speculations on Art History, Theory, and Art Museums is suggested by the book's title, then this book cannot readily be judged by its cover. The cover stands a chance only once we find out what the author means by "Vermeer's wager": ...that it is possible by means of art to embody systematic abstract ideas... Full Review
September 12, 2002
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John T. Spike
Abbeville Press, 2001. 272 pp.; 160 color ills.; 190 b/w ills. Cloth $90.00 (0789206390)
Can a book be judged by its cover? Monographs on Caravaggio, as David Carrier has observed in "The Transfiguration of the Commonplace: Caravaggio and His Interpreters" (Word and Image 3 (1987): 50), are a case in point. The dust-jacket illustrations that embellish studies of this artist's work are usually selected from a small group of well-known canvases that are considered synecdochic of his stylistic or thematic preferences as a whole. In the case of John T. Spike's new book on the... Full Review
September 6, 2002
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Michael Zell
Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002. 264 pp.; 114 b/w ills. Cloth $55.00 (0520227417)
In addition to providing refuge for Europe's oppressed Jewry, seventeenth-century Amsterdam served as the hub of a theological movement devoted to effecting rapprochement between Jews and Christians. This program, known today as "philosemitism," was mainly the brainchild of Dutch and English Protestant millenarians who, inspired by their interpretation of biblical prophecy, held such reconciliation to be a precondition of messianic redemption. Also central to the effort was a leading member... Full Review
September 6, 2002
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Wen C. Fong
Yale University Press, 2001. 300 pp.; 114 color ills.; 120 b/w ills. Cloth $65.00 (0300088507)
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, January 30-August 19, 2001.
If the standard exhibition catalogue of Chinese art is a collection of topical essays and entries that describe individual items, then Between Two Cultures: Late-Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Paintings from the Robert H. Ellsworth Collection in the Metropolitan Museum of Art is both more and less than what we normally expect. Wen C. Fong's book neither provides sufficient description of the exhibition's contents, allowing the reader to know what was in it, nor tells him or her what... Full Review
September 6, 2002
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Ebba Koch
New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2001. 345 pp.; 235 b/w ills. Cloth $72.00 (0195648218)
Ebba Koch's Mughal Art and Imperial Ideology: Collected Essays contains eleven essays published between 1982 and 1997 on the art and architecture produced under the Mughals (1526–1858), the longest-surviving and richest of all the dynasties to rule the Indian subcontinent. The texts range in length from a short, eleven-page reflection on the impact of the Jesuit Missions on the depictions of the Mughal emperors to a seventy-page, near book-length study of the decoration on the throne... Full Review
September 3, 2002
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Philip Steadman
Oxford University Press, 2001. 232 pp.; 10 color ills.; 72 b/w ills. Cloth $25.00 (0192159674)
Philip Steadman presents his case for Johannes Vermeer's use of the camera obscura with prosecutorial flair, bringing in diagrams, reconstructions, and a variety of circumstantial evidence. Vermeer never wrote about his methods, and no physical evidence exists in the form of preparatory drawings or sketches. The inventory of his studio contents lists standard equipment, such as easels and canvases, without a hint about lenses, boxes, or any other unusual objects that might place a camera... Full Review
August 30, 2002
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Philip Sohm
Cambridge University Press, 2001. 328 pp.; 21 b/w ills. Cloth $85.00 (0521780691)
Philip Sohm's Style in the Art Theory of Early Modern Italy shines a brilliant new light upon the concept and descriptive terminology of artistic style. A worthy successor to his excellent Pittoresco. Marco Boschini, His Critics and Their Critiques of Painterly Brushwork in Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century Italy (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991), Sohm's new book maintains a high standard of critical sophistication, accurately framing a subtle analysis of sixteenth-... Full Review
August 28, 2002
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Karen-edis Barzman
Cambridge University Press, 2000. 377 pp.; 24 b/w ills. Cloth $75.00 (0521641624)
It would be difficult to overestimate the significance that has been given to the Florentine Accademia del Disegno in early modern art historiography. Founded in 1563 and generally credited to Giorgio Vasari, the first formal art academy in the West has assumed almost mythic proportions from the start. Its success was measured early, in the powerful influence it exerted on the European imagination, and it has assumed the status of a cultural monument of the first rank. Yet much has remained... Full Review
August 26, 2002
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Gauvin Bailey
University of Toronto Press, 1998. 310 pp. Cloth (0802046886)
Two years after the foundation of the Society of Jesus in 1540, the first Jesuit missionary Francis Xavier disembarked at the Portuguese colony of Goa on the eastern seaboard of India. In rapid sequence, overseas missions were established on every known continent, including Japan (1549), China (1561), Mughal India (1580), and Paraguay (1609). Gauvin Bailey's ambitious study covers the artistic production of these four outer-circle Jesuit enterprises, highlighting their affinities and regional... Full Review
August 23, 2002
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